Flatbread and Tortillas are popular types of bread that can be used in various dishes. Although they may initially seem identical, there are some significant differences between the two.
Tortillas are typically made from cornmeal, while Flatbreads can be made with various grains. Tortillas are also naturally thinner and more flexible than flatbreads.
Flatbreads often have a crispy crust, while tortillas are usually soft. Finally, tortillas are most commonly used as wraps for tacos or burritos, while flatbreads can be eaten plain or used for sandwiches.
After discussing some of the main distinctions between flatbreads and tortillas, let’s examine each bread kind in more detail.
Table of Contents
What is Flatbread?
Flatbreads are either leavened or unleavened bread that originated in the Middle East. Flatbread is a general term that can refer to any bread rolled or flattened into a thin, usually round shape.
It can be made from various flours, including wheat, rye, barley, and corn, but wheat flour is the most common.
Flatbreads can be either soft or hard and can be cooked in several different ways, including baked, fried, or grilled.
Some common examples of Flatbread include pita bread, naan bread, matzo bread, chapati bread, and lavash bread.
What is Tortilla?
Tortillas are thin and flat but are made from different kinds of flour, namely, maize flour or wheat flour.
They are made from a dough containing nixtamalized corn flour and water. Nixtamalization is a process in which the corn is soaked in an alkaline solution, which gives the tortillas a distinct flavor and a softer texture.
Unlike flatbreads, tortillas are always unleavened. They are also cooked differently; tortillas are typically boiled or grilled rather than baked or fried. Tortillas can be either soft or hard, depending on how they are cooked.
The most common type of tortilla is the maize tortilla, which is popular in Mexico and other Central American countries.
Other types of tortillas include:
- Wheat tortillas (famous in the southwestern United States).
- Potato tortillas (famous in Peru).
- Green plantain tortillas (popular in Puerto Rico).
They can be eaten plain or dipped in sauces but are generally served with savory contents such as meats, cheeses, and vegetables. Some famous examples of tortillas include corn tortillas and flour tortillas.
What are the differences between Flatbread and Tortilla?
The primary differences between a tortilla and a flatbread are:
1. Unleavened vs. Leavened Dough
As we mentioned, one of the key differences between Flatbread and tortilla is the type of dough used.
Tortillas are always made with unleavened dough, which means they do not contain any ingredients that will cause the dough to rise.
This results in a soft and pliable tortilla with a denser, doughier texture that’s more like traditional bread.
Flatbreads, on the other hand, can be either leavened or unleavened.
Leavened flatbreads contain yeast or baking soda that will cause the dough to rise, resulting in a fluffy bread with a light and airy texture.
Unleavened flatbreads do not contain any of these ingredients and, as a result, are more dense and chewy.
2. Different Types of Flour
Tortillas are almost always made with maize flour, although some recipes combine maize and wheat flour. Maize flour is made from ground-dried corn and gives tortillas a slightly sweet flavor.
Several types of flour may be used to make flatbreads, including wheat, rye, oat, and even chickpea flour.
The finished bread’s flavor and texture will depend on the flour used. For example, wheat flour will give the bread a slightly nutty taste, while chickpea flour will make it more dense and chewy.
Flatbreads can be made with various ingredients, depending on the type of Flatbread you’re making.
However, most flatbread recipes will call for some combination of flour, water, salt, oil, and a leavening agent like yeast or baking soda.
On the other hand, tortillas often contain additional ingredients like baking powder or lard. These ingredients help to create a softer, more pliable tortilla that is less likely to crack or break.
4. Cooking Methods
Flatbreads can be cooked in various ways, including baking, frying, and grilling.
The cooking method you use will affect the texture and flavor of the final bread. For example, baking Flatbread will produce crispier bread, while frying will make it more dense and chewy.
Tortillas are typically boiled or grilled, although they can also be baked or fried.
Boiling tortillas results in a softer, more pliable tortilla, while grilling gives them a slightly charred flavor. Baking and frying tortillas will make them crispier.
5. Size and Shape
Flatbread and tortillas also differ in terms of size and shape.
Flatbreads come in different shapes and sizes, depending on the type of Flatbread you’re making. They can be round, oval, or even triangular.
Tortillas are typically flat and round, although they can also be made into different shapes depending on the recipe.
For example, some recipes call for tortillas to be made into a cone shape, while others may call for them to be rolled into a flat wrap.
Finally, Flatbread and tortillas also have different uses.
Flatbreads are typically eaten as it is or used as a base for other dishes like pizza or flatbread sandwiches.
On the other hand, tortillas are often used as wrappers for fillings like meats, cheeses, and veggies. They can also be dipped in sauces or eaten plain.
Generally, Flatbread is often used as an appetizer or side dish, while tortillas are commonly used as wrappers for burritos and tacos.
Flatbread vs Tortilla: Are they the same?
Flatbread and Tortillas may look similar, but they have some key differences.
- Tortillas are most commonly used in Mexico and Central America, while flatbreads are more common in Europe and the Middle East.
- Flatbread is usually made with a leavening agent like yeast, which gives it a light and airy texture. Tortillas, on the other hand, are made without leavening agents and have a denser, doughier texture akin to traditional bread.
- Tortillas are mainly made from maize (corn) dough, while flatbreads can be made from various flour types, such as wheat, barley, or rye.
- Flatbreads are usually thicker than tortillas. They are typically larger, rectangular, or oval, while tortillas are smaller and round.
- Flatbreads can be eaten as it is, while tortillas are usually served wrapped around a filling such as meat or vegetables. Tortillas can also be used to make tacos or burritos.
Flatbreads and tortillas make great additions to any meal. So keep these key differences in mind next time you’re at the store to pick up the right type of bread for your needs!